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Pearl-W12504 Close Coupled Toilet

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Pearl-W12504 Close Coupled Toilet Houss Toilet Bowl Bathroom


670(L) x 360(W) x 710(H)mm
180mm
250mm/300mm


How Does A Toilet Work?
There are two main parts of a gravity-flush toilet: the tank and the bowl.

The Toilet Bowl
The bowl is the most important part of the toilet, as its simplistic yet genius design allows for easy waste disposal, using a siphon. 
 While looking at the side of the bowl, you can see a u-shape portion of the bowl that connects to the bowl and goes into the floor. That part of the toilet bowl is known as the siphon, which you can primarily thank for flushing the contents of your toilet down into the sewer.

How does a siphon work?
A siphon is any pipe that moves liquid upwards from a large reservoir and then down by creating a vacuum. After a large amount of liquid is forced into the reservoir, gravity takes care of the rest, moving the liquid up the u shape, and down the pipe. The trick with a siphon is that since water is adhesive (its molecules stick together) once the water begins spilling over that U shape, it creates a vacuum that drags the rest of the reservoir down that pipe. 

If, for some reason, you decided to take the tank off of your toilet, and you just had the bowl, you would still have a completely functioning toilet, thanks to that siphon. If you slowly put a cup of water into the bowl, it wouldn’t do much. However, if you brought a two-gallon bucket and poured it into the bowl, gravity would take affect, flushing the toilet. This U-shape on a toilet bowl also creates a seal that ensures gasses from the closet bend and sewer aren’t released into your home from the toilet. Once the air gets into the siphon, the flushing stops, and the bowl fills back up with water thanks to the tank.

The Tank
The tank acts as the two-gallon bucket being dumped into the bowl, just with more precision, and it accurately fills itself back up. A tank is made up of multiple, but simple, parts.
A flush begins with a push of the handle. Pushing the handle lifts a lever that is attached to a chain. This chain is attached to a rubber flapper at the bottom of the tank. The rubber flapper sits on what is called the tank’s seat. The flapper forms a seal between the tank water and the bowl. When the handle is pressed, the rod is pulled up, which pulls up this flapper, breaking the seal and allowing the tank’s water to pour into the bowl below, creating the flush.

After the tank’s water flushes into the bowl, the supply valve brings water up to the fill valve, which begins to fill the tank with water again. The flapper goes back down and seals the tank and stops any more water from going into the bowl. The fill valve brings water into the tank, until the float rises up to the determined level, and stops the fill valve.
Simplistically, the toilet works in three parts: The tank dumps two gallons of water into the bowl, starting the siphon. Through gravity, a siphon pulls waste and water down into the closet bend and out to the sewer. Then, the tank is filled up with fresh water, ready to flush again.

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